• Question: how is bone marrow transplant done

    Asked by 762bm1928 to Peter, David, Jonathan, Grace, Doris, Ann on 28 May 2019. This question was also asked by 783bmay33, sharline1.
    • Photo: Peter Macharia

      Peter Macharia answered on 28 May 2019:

      Bone marrow is the soft tissue inside the bones.

      To replace the marrow, the bone marrow in your body is first destroyed say with radiation.

      Then using a tube (for example the one they insert in a patient to collect blood ) new cells are injected in your bloodstream.

      The cells will find their way to the bloodstream and grow to healthy bone marrow.

      It’s similar to being given medicine via a tube into your body.

    • Photo: Doris Nyamwaya

      Doris Nyamwaya answered on 4 Jun 2019:

      I agree with Peter, Bone marrow transplant is however an option if stem cell transplant is impossible; i.e collecting undifferentiated cells from the blood rather than marrow

    • Photo: Grace Kago

      Grace Kago answered on 6 Jun 2019:

      Yup- as others have said, first the sick marrow has to be killed/removed. This will be achieved via chemotherapy (chemo) with or without radiation. Then, healthy cells are given to the patient using an intravenous (IV) line, or tube. The cells find their way into your marrow, where they grow and start to make healthy red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.